Peck, Massey, Gibson & Lawson on The Kilburn Manifesto in Environment and Planning A (open access)

epaJamie Peck, Doreen Massey, Katherine Gibson and Victoria Lawson discuss the The Kilburn Manifesto in Environment and Planning A (open access). The Kilburn Manifesto was written by Stuart Hall, Doreen Massey, Michael Rustin and others and was published in print and online.

There are lots of other papers in the new issue of EPA including a theme issue on Performing Environmental Change – most require subscription.

Lefebvre’s beach: Gordillo on Toward an Architecture of Enjoyment

image_miniGastón Gordillo reviews Henri Lefebvre’s newly published book Toward an Architecture of Enjoyment (University of Minnesota Press, 2014). An interview with Lukasz Stanek, the editor of the book, is available here.

Henri Lefebvre (1901-1991) was one of the most incisive, original, and prolific philosophers of the twentieth century, and his wide-ranging books profoundly redefined our understanding of space as something material, produced, embodied, and disrupted by conflict and violence. Yet, it is only in 2014 that we finally have access to his masterfulToward an Architecture of Enjoyment, his most forceful meditation on the spatial utopia he aspired to. Written in 1973 and subsequently forgotten for four decades, the book is an extraordinary exploration of the affective dimensions of space, a topic that was uncharted territory in the 1970s. Lefebvre tackled it with the creative heterodoxy that always characterized him, blending his acute spatial gaze, the critical spirit of Marxist theory, phenomenology’s bodily sensibility, and a Dionysian, Nietzschean thrust. Continue reading Gordillo’s review here.

Gastón is the author of Rubble: The Afterlife of Destruction (Duke University Press, 2014) and was interviewed for the Open Site earlier this year.

Rupal Oza – India’s relations with Israel and Palestine: Tracing a tectonic shift

Rupal Oza’s 2007  Society and Space article, Contrapuntal geographies of threat and security: the United States, India, and Israelis currently open access as part of a virtual issue on Israel-Palestine. In it, she describes how India echoed US discursive constructions of Muslim males as dangerous after the attacks of September 11, 2001, and examines how this demarcation of ‘us against them’ created new political alliances between India, the United States and Israel. In her new commentary below, Oza expands and updates her analysis of India’s shifting relations with Israel and Palestine, and thus provides a critical take on India’s response to the recent devastation of Gaza.

-The Editors

As the Israeli attack on Gaza intensified in July 2014, a large poster made an appearance in front of some hotels in Mumbai that depicted icons of prominent U.S. products and read, “Indian Hoteliers boycott Israeli and U.S. products.” Boycott has a long history and political resonance in India dating back to anti-colonial struggles from the early 20th century and also from the anti-apartheid movement when India boycotted South Africa. This most recent boycott, however, does not have the same tenor or carry the same moral or ethical weight.

Nor is India’s recent vote in support of a United Nations resolution to launch a probe into Israel’s offensive into Gaza indicative of a shift in official policy towards Israel. India’s vote at the UN needs to be read in the context of the BRICS summit that had just occurred in Fortaleza, Brazil and was Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s first big external summit. The Fortaleza Declaration signed by all the BRICS countries held them to the goals and principles in the declaration, including one that dealt with Arab-Israeli peace and that committed the BRICS countries to sign the UN resolution. It was this international political position rather than an ethical or moral position that led to India’s UN vote. Indeed on August 16th 2014 the Prime Minister’s party, the BJP, organized a pro-Israeli rally in the former left stronghold of Kolkata that brought out twenty thousand people in support.

There has been a tectonic shift in India’s relationship with Palestine and Israel in the last 25 years.

Continue reading here.

Nadim Khoury – Receding chronology, fragmented narratives

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Nadim Khoury is a lecturer in the Peace and Conflict Program at Bjorknes College, Oslo, Norway. Between 2012 and 2014, he was assistant professor and program head at the political science program at Al-Quds Bard Honors College in Palestine. In this commentary, he potently critiques the ways in which the ‘shrinking’ of Palestinian history works in tandem with the occupation and destruction of Palestinian geography. 

-The Editors

Settler colonialism, like other forms of domination, divides as it conquers. The further it penetrates into a territory it has appropriated, the deeper it manages a people it has subjugated, the more it partitions, segments, and breaks apart. In Israel/Palestine, this fragmentation is most visible in the landscape of the so-called future Palestinian state where settler roads and apartheid walls strangle autonomous enclaves that are themselves receding. The hundreds of checkpoints that currently divide the West Bank turn short distances into long ones, reconfiguring the nexus between time and space for an entire population.

The legal division of Palestinians is just as pernicious as its geographic fragmentation. Recently, the Israeli Knesset passed a law that recognizes Palestinian Christians living in the Galilee as a separate minority, one that no longer counts as Arab. In one day, Christian Palestinian families scattered across the West Bank and the Galilee were divided by geographic borders and an administrative abyss. Not only did they possess different legal identities—West Bank Palestinian and Israeli—they now belonged to different peoples—Arab and non-Arab. They were pigeonholed into a new and arbitrary category, one amongst the many Israel has created for Palestinians: Arab Israeli, West Bank Palestinian, Palestinian from Gaza, East Jerusalemite, internally displaced, refugee… As physical and legal walls close in, one people imposes its rule and the other becomes claustrophobic. Along the way, many lose sight of the larger picture.

With the latest war on Gaza, it is not only Palestinian geography, but Palestinian chronology that has receded. It is a whole history of dispossession that was divided into shorter and separate narratives.

Continue reading here.

Interview with Walaa Alqaisiya and Lisa Bhungalia by Mat Coleman and Mary Thomas

Photo credit: Dalal Amad This photo was taken on the 4th July in front of the martyrs house in Jersusalem, shortly before the body of Mohammed Abu Khdeir was brought to his parents house, and afterwards there was his funeral.

Photo credit: Dalal Amad
This photo was taken on July 4, 2014 in East Jerusalem in front of the house of Mohammed Abu Khdeir, who had been kidnapped and killed by three Israelis days before. 

Walla Alqaisiya and Lisa Bhungalia are interviewed during their research in Palestine by Society & Space editors, Mary Thomas and Mat Coleman.

Walaa Alqaisiya and Lisa Bhungalia: On one hand we could argue, as you note here, that we have seen the elimination of a recognized civilian space in Gaza. Israel’s targeting of schools, hospitals, parks, residential buildings and urban infrastructure attests to the fact that Israel considers virtually any space in Gaza to be a legitimate military target. Yet even as we have seen the elimination of a recognized civilian space, the figure of the civilian, as you point out, remains…

The civilian death in this instance is mobilized for political gains on the part of Israel. It is in this sense that we could argue that the death of the Palestinian, rather than her life, is subsumed into politics turning biopolitics on its head. Continue to read their interview here

Gastón Gordillo, Rubble: The Afterlife of Destruction published (and link to interview)

Gastón Gordillo’s book Rubble: The Afterlife of Destruction has been published. You can read an interview with Gastón about this book and his work generally on this site.

978-0-8223-5619-6_prAt the foot of the Argentine Andes, bulldozers are destroying forests and homes to create soy fields in an area already strewn with rubble from previous waves of destruction and violence. Based on ethnographic research in this region where the mountains give way to the Gran Chaco lowlands, Gastón R. Gordillo shows how geographic space is inseparable from the material, historical, and affective ruptures embodied in debris. His exploration of the significance of rubble encompasses lost cities, derelict train stations, overgrown Jesuit missions and Spanish forts, stranded steamships, mass graves, and razed forests. Examining the effects of these and other forms of debris on the people living on nearby ranches and farms, and in towns, Gordillo emphasizes that for the rural poor, the rubble left in the wake of capitalist and imperialist endeavors is not romanticized ruin but the material manifestation of the violence and dislocation that created it.

Adey on Merriman: Mobility, Space and Culture

9780415593564Pete Adey reviews Peter Merriman’s book Mobilities, Space and Culture (Routledge 2012).

Other mobilities titles recently reviewed on the Open Site inlcude Kathryn Morrison and John Minnis’ Carscapes and Jensen’s Staging Mobilities.

Inwood, Tyner and Alderman: Remembering the Real Violence in Ferguson

This commentary by Joshua F.J. Inwood, James A. Tyner, and Derek Alderman offers a trenchant look at the social-spatial legacies of racial violence and police brutality in the US.  The murder of Michael Brown is just one of many cases of young African-American men shot by police every year.

Look out later this year for Tyner, Inwood, and Alderman’s paper in Society and Space, “Theorizing Violence and the Dialectics of Landscape Memorialization: A Case study of Greensboro, North Carolina”. Through a case study of racialized violence in Greensboro, North Carolina, the authors argue that scholars must articulate more clearly how violence, as a theoretical construct, is abstracted from the concrete realities of lived experience and represented discursively and materially on the landscape.

- The Editors

Ferguson Day 6, photo taken by Loavesofbread and  uploaded to commons.wikimedia.org. Thank you Loavesofbread. No changes were made to this image; it is part of the Creative Commons.

Ferguson Day 6, photo taken by Loavesofbread and uploaded to commons.wikimedia.org. Thank you Loavesofbread. No changes were made to this image; it is part of the Creative Commons.

Remembering the Real Violence in Ferguson

As we type these words, Ferguson, Missouri is burning.  Almost a month after the local Ferguson Police Department killed Michael Brown, an unarmed African American teenager, members of the Ferguson community demand justice.  While the situation in Ferguson is complex, we nonetheless want to draw attention to the ways the violent death of Michael Brown and the subsequent community uprising is indicative of the work that violence accomplishes within our present neoliberal and racialized condition in the United States.  More specifically we highlight how the broader media focus on the “rioting” and “looting” in the aftermath of the police shooting deflects attention from the actually existing structures of violence that permit such killings.  This deflection is indicative of the ongoing legacies of traditional (mis)understandings of violence.

Violence has a geography and for this reason, geography lies at the center of discussions of violence (Tyner and Inwood 2014; Blomley 2003). Within the United States a myriad of taken for granted assumptions about identity, place, power, and memory undergird the nation’s psyche.  These normative interpretations intersect with a particular kind of geographic formulation that places persons of color in general, but black men most specifically, at the center of the violent structures of the nation.

Continue reading here.

Daniel P S Goh – The Little India Riot and the Spatiality of Migrant Labor in Singapore

This commentary by Daniel Goh provides a detailed critique of migrant worker issues in Singapore, an important locale for global migrant worker flows. For more on the politics of migration and borders on this site, see the commentary Border choreography, bare bodies, and penal states and the postings Immigrant policing, not immigration enforcement and Carceral society on Guam and Saipan that appeared as part of our US Carceral Society Forum, as well as multiple posts in our book reviews section (such as reviews of Intimate Encounters, Fortress Europe, Beyond Walls and Cages, and Working Lives). 
-The Editors

 

“South Asian foreign workers at a busy lane in Little India, Singapore” (Photo credit: Thaejas Kocherlakota, 2008; downloaded from Wikimedia Commons, licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported

“South Asian foreign workers at a busy lane in Little India, Singapore” (Photo credit: Thaejas Kocherlakota, 2008; downloaded from Wikimedia Commons, licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported

Migrant Labor Flows and the Asian Global City

Migrant labor flows from poorer to richer countries have been raising significant political, social and cultural issues worldwide. For conservatives, these flows pose issues of national integration and identity, and provide fodder for early pronouncements of the death of multiculturalism, as we have seen in Britain, France, Germany and Australia in recent years. For liberals, questions of human rights are sharpened when illegal economic immigrants are shot or left to drown in the borderlands, and when the citizenship and labor rights of those already working in the country are denied or neglected. For me, as a student of spatial politics based in Singapore, I am interested in how these issues intersect with the production of space and the rapid urbanization of Asia.

In comparison to the migrant labor experience in North America, Europe and Australasia, these issues take on a different color for Asian cities attracting migrant workers from the poorer hinterlands. To differentiate even further, there is a special class of Asian global cities that have been attracting cross-border migrant labor immigration. Unlike the Chinese coastal cities or the South Asian mega-cities, transnational and transient migrants flows to aspirant global cities, such as Dubai, Hong Kong, Kuala Lumpur, Qatar and Singapore, pose special problems and raise peculiar issues. These are cities ruled by national regimes with an autocratic grip on municipal space. “Flexible citizenship”, extra-legal recruitment regimes and exclusion from labor laws are used to control and manage migrant workers.

Continue reading here.

Philosophy and Ecology at the End of the World: Morton’s Hyperobjects reviewed

hyperobjectsCara Daggett reviews Timothy Morton’s Hyperobjects: Philosophy and Ecology after the End of the World (University of Minnesota Press, 2013).

Timothy Morton’s Hyperobjects: Philosophy and Ecology after the End of the World is a queasily vertiginous quest to synthesize the still divergent fields of quantum theory (the weirdness of small objects) and relativity (the weirdness of big objects) and insert them into philosophy and art, which he notes are far behind ontologically speaking. Morton’s wager is that for the first time, we in the Anthropocene are able to see snapshots of hyperobjects, and that these intimations more or less will force us to undergo a radical reboot of our ontological toolkit and (finally) incorporate the weirdness of physics.

Continue reading Daggett’s review here.

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