Cities of Tomorrow reviewed by Jonathan Rokem

CITIES OF TOMORROWJonathan Rokem reviews  ערי המחר – תכנון, צדק וקיימות היום/ Are ha-mahar: tikhnun, tsedek ve-kayamut ha-yom [Cities of Tomorrow: Planning, Justice and Sustainability Today], a new volume in Hebrew edited by Tovi Fenster and Oren Shlomo (Hakibbutz Hameuchad Publishing House, 2014).

How and to what extent can we make tomorrow’s cities more sustainable and just? The question is addressed by a wide range of leading Israeli researchers, activists and urban scholars from a variety of different backgrounds and institutions. Read Jonathan’s review here.

Another Hebrew urban title, In the Cement Boxes (by Pnina Motzafi-Haller), was recently reviewed for the Open Site by Michal Braier.

 

 

 

Khalili on Cowen’s Deadly Life of Logistics

image_miniLaleh Khalili reviews Deb Cowen’s new book The Deadly Life of Logistics: Mapping Violence in Global Trade (University of Minnesota Press, 2014).

Deborah Cowen’s The Deadly Life of Logistics is the first of its kind: an original, imaginative, and critical theorisation of the centrality of violence to the modern logistics business. The book beautifully illuminates the conjuncture between capital accumulation and practices of security and securitisation on a global scale, zooming down to specific places and moments to better illustrate the inner workings of this conjuncture. Continue reading Laleh’s review here.

See also Phil Steinberg’s review of Allan Sekula and Noël Burch’s film The Forgotten Space.

Italian literary mappings: new review by Tania Rossetto

cover-piani-mondo-m

Tania Rossetto from the University of Padua reviews Piani sul mondo: le mappe nell’immaginazione letteraria (Plans on the World: Maps in the Literary Imagination), a volume edited by Italian comparatists Marina Guglielmi and Giulio Iacoli and published by Quodlibet in 2013.

We are currently experiencing a period of robust revival of literary geography and of literary cartography in particular. Piani sul mondo has somehow been stimulated by the current re-emergence of the so-called cartography of  literature (i.e. the concrete mapping of literary settings or literary phenomena). This approach was championed by Italian literary scholar Franco Moretti in the late 1990s, with his seminal book Atlas of the European Novel 1800-1900, and is now embracing the digital transition in cartography while increasingly expanding internationally. In Italy, the occurrence of this phenomenon has been confirmed by the editorial enterprise of the Atlante della letteratura italiana (Atlas of Italian Literature) published by Einaudi in three volumes (2010-2012), and edited by Sergio Luzzatto and Gabriele Pedullà. Continue reading Tania’s review here.

Earlier on this year the Open Site hosted a virtual issue on Literary Geographies.

Ethnofiction: Augé’s No Fixed Abode reviewed

Layout 1Marc Augé’s book No Fixed Abode: Ethnofiction (Seagull Books, 2013) is reviewed by Dale Leorke from the University of Melbourne.

French anthropologist Marc Augé’s book No Fixed Abode follows the plight of Henri, a retired tax inspector and aspiring writer living in Paris. He has become homeless after his recent divorce left him unable to continue paying the rent for his flat. Balancing the modest income from his pension against the monthly spousal support he owes from his first failed marriage, he calculates that if he sells all of his furniture and begins sleeping in his car he will be able to get by. He watches as the antique dealers assess the financial value of each item in his flat and take them away one by one. He experiments with sleeping in his car parked in the garage at night, hoping that none of his neighbours catch a glimpse of him before he sneaks back to his almost bare apartment early in the morning. Soon the lease expires, all but his old Mercedes and most basic possessions have been auctioned off, and he no longer has a home. Henri must simultaneously adjust to his new life while attempting to maintain a façade of normalcy by keeping his condition from friends and former colleagues. He perpetually struggles to find a place to park his car (the “golden age” of streets with no parking meters are no more); he drifts from café to café to do his writing (he no longer owns a table or chair); contemplates where he will next be able to shower or use the toilet; and witnesses his savings gradually dwindle. He meets Dominique, an artist who is sympathetic to his circumstances and at first seems to offer an escape from them. But he comes to the realisation that this is a false hope and ultimately accepts the reality of his new life.

This synopsis might read like the plot of a novel or short story, or perhaps (if you are familiar with Augé’s earlier work) the opening anecdote of an ethnographic study of homelessness. In fact, it is neither of these. Augé’s book does not characterise itself as a novel, nor is this an ethnography. Rather, it is “ethnofiction”, an intermingling of the two, blending together both ethnographic research and fictional narrative. Continue reading Dale’s review here.

Further information about the book can be found here.

Peter Gratton, Speculative Realism – and links to journal articles on this theme

Society and Space board member and former co-editor Peter Gratton’s new book, Speculative Realism: Problems and Prospects is now published.

9781441174758

Speculative realism is one of the most talked-about movements in recent Continental philosophy. It has been discussed widely amongst the younger generation of Continental philosophers seeking new philosophical approaches and promises to form the cornerstone of future debates in the field.

This book introduces the contexts out of which speculative realism has emerged and provides an overview of the major contributors and latest developments. It guides the reader through the important questions asked by realism (what can I know? what is reality?), examining philosophy’s perennial questions in new ways. The book begins with the speculative realist’s critique of ‘correlationism’, the view that we can never reach what is real beneath our language systems, our means for perception, or our finite manner of being-in-the-world. It goes on to critically review the work of the movement’s most important thinkers, including Quentin Meillassoux, Ray Brassier, and Graham Harman, but also other important writers such as Jane Bennett and Catherine Malabou whose writings delineate alternative approaches to the real. It interrogates the crucial questions these thinkers have raised and concludes with a look toward the future of speculative realism, especially as it relates to the reality of time.

The journal has published some related work on these themes, including

Graham Harman, 2010, “I am also of the opinion that materialism must be destroyedEnvironment and Planning D: Society and Space 28(5) 772 – 790 [open access]

Quentin Meillassoux, 2012, “The contingency of the laws of natureEnvironment and Planning D: Society and Space 30(2) 322 – 334

Yusoff K, Grosz E, Clark N, Saldanha A, Nash C, 2012, “Geopower: a panel on Elizabeth Grosz’s Chaos, Territory, Art: Deleuze and the Framing of the EarthEnvironment and Planning D: Society and Space 30(6) 971 – 988

There have also been some related posts on this site, including

Two reviews of Catherine Malabou’s books – Ontology of the Accident (2012), reviewed by Stacey Smith; and Changing Difference (2011), reviewed by Sarah Kuzuk.

Jane Bennett, Vibrant Matter, reviewed by Noel Castree

Book Forum on Ben Woodard, On an Ungrounded Earth, reviewed by Kai Bosworth, Harlan Morehouse, Rory Rowan and Jordan Skinner

Volume 32, Issue 5 now out

Issue 5 of Society and Space is now online.

Theme issue: Insecure states, Guest editor: Chris Philo
Guest editorial, State security and the ‘hostile acres’ 753 – 761 Chris Philo
Governing vitalities and the security state 762 – 778 Gerry Kearns
Spaces of benevolent abandonment: the German Air Security decision of 2006 779 – 794 Matthew G Hannah
States of (in)security: corporeal geographies and the elsewhere war 795 – 814 Jennifer L Fluri
◊          ◊          ◊
The biopolitical border in practice: surveillance and death at the Greece–Turkey borderzones 815 – 833 Özgün E Topak
Security atmospheres or the crystallisation of worlds 834 – 851 Peter Adey
The possibilities of tolerance: intercultural dialogue in a multicultural Europe 852 – 868 Helen F Wilson
Michel Foucault and the smart city: power dynamics inherent in contemporary governing through code 869 – 885 Francisco Klauser, Till Paasche, Ola Söderström
Rancière, politics, and the Occupy movement 886 – 901 Keith Bassett
Theorizing violence and the dialectics of landscape memorialization: a case study of Greensboro, North Carolina 902 – 914 James A Tyner, Joshua F J Inwood, Derek H Alderman [currently open access, also see the authors’ commentary on this open site, Remembering the real violence in Ferguson]
Bio-geo-graphy: landscape, dwelling, and the political ecology of human–elephant relations 915 – 934 Maan Barua
Intensive mobilities: figurations of the nomad in contemporary theory 935 – 950 Thomas Sutherland

Sarah Radcliffe on Inca Sacred Space

andesSarah Radcliffe reviews Inca Sacred Space: Landscape, Site and Symbol, a volume edited by Frank Meddens, Katie Willis, Colin McEwan and Nicholas Branch (Archetype Publications, 2014).

The book results from an interdisciplinary project involving archaeologists, geographers, historians and ethno-historians, anthropologists and ethnomusicologists. A video on the project recently released by the British Museum can be viewed here.

Republican Rep. Lamar Smith versus the National Science Foundation

Jeffrey Mervis of Science News reported yesterday that the US’s National Science Foundation has been forced to provide confidential files for dozens of research projects to staffers from the US House of Representatives.  Mervis writes, “The Republican aides were looking for anything that Representative Lamar Smith (R–TX), their boss as chair of the House Committee on Science, Space, and Technology, could use to support his ongoing campaign to demonstrate how the $7 billion research agency is ‘wasting’ taxpayer dollars on frivolous or low-priority projects, particularly in the social sciences.”

Rep. Lamar Smith has requested information on 30 new files, including research projects led by the feminist geographers Kathleen O’Reilly (of Texas A&M University, for her CAREER grant titled “A Political Ecology Approach to Rural Sanitation in India”) and Anna Secor (University of Kentucky, for her collaborative research titled “The Veiling Fashion Industry: Transnational Geographies of Islamism, Capitalism, and Identity”).  The excel spreadsheet of grants requested by Smith can be downloaded from the Science News article.

Most grants under scrutiny involve research outside of the US and projects done through NSF’s social, behavioral, and economic (SBE) sciences directorate.

– The Editors

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What matters? Materiality and the possibilities of artistic engagement with asylum – Jonathan Darling

Jonathan Darling’s article, “Another letter from the Home Office: reading the material politics of asylum”, appears in issue 3 of the 2014 volume of Society and Space. Open access until October 30, 2014, the piece draws from ethnographic research that he conducted within a UK asylum drop-in centre to examine the materiality of the politics of asylum processes, particularly through a look at letters sent by the UK Border Agency to communicate decisions on asylum claims.

As a supplement to the article, Darling provides this commentary. It furthers his examination of the materiality of asylum claims through discussion of an art exhibit that he collaborated on in Manchester titled One Thing.

-The Editors

RQ6A1440What are the materials of contemporary asylum? What objects, things and atmospheres constitute the processes through which citizenship and non-citizenship are governed, managed and maintained? We might think of the artefacts of bordering practices that have been diffused into everyday life, the biometric signatures, computer systems and algorithms, ‘safe country’ lists and legal documents that all play a part in performing the ‘management’ of forced migration. But we might also think of an expanded range of materials, of belongings lovingly protected across thousands of miles, of objects acquired along the way, of seemingly inconsequential ornaments imbued with memory and meaning and of documents that perform relationships of status, rights and identity.

Drawing from recent discussions of materiality and the politics of ‘new materialism’, I have recently sought to examine the material politics of asylum through focusing on the role that letters might play in both governing asylum seekers, and in exceeding the governmental intentions of their authors (Darling 2014a). I argue that we might consider asylum not as a process or a legal status, but as a material-discursive collective that takes shape differently across different spaces. The materials that constitute asylum – the forms, letters, certificates, bodies and belongings – take meaning and make meaning as they are enrolled in, and become part of, new spaces, discourses and practices. The importance of such a claim is to suggest that the perceptual frameworks that govern how we come to see and understand asylum, are constituted through the interaction of materials, discourses and spaces, without assuming a necessary primacy for any aspect of this triad. The governance of the citizen/non-citizen relation is accomplished as much through the banal employment of materials of distinction, such as legal documents, files, letters and forms, as it is through the discourses and categorisations that are maintained by those materials.

Continue reading here.

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